Wednesday, December 23, 2009

Start Apache as service in Linux (Fedora)

The Apache HTTP server is installed by default in all Linux distributions and it is configured to run as service. I usually prefer to install Apache from source instead of using the default one. After installing Apache I want to run that instance as service so that it can be restarted automatically whenever machine is rebooted. This can be achieved easily by modifying /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd file, which is configured to run the Apache installed with OS.

Comment the following section, though it is not required but I prefer to keep all configuration at one place


if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/httpd ]; then
        . /etc/sysconfig/httpd
fi
Modify the following lines-
apachectl=/usr/sbin/apachectl
httpd=${HTTPD-/usr/sbin/httpd}
prog=httpd
pidfile=${PIDFILE-/var/run/httpd/httpd.pid}
to point towards your Apache installation
apachectl=/opt/apps/httpd-2.2.14/bin/apachectl
httpd=${HTTPD-/opt/apps/httpd-2.2.14/bin/httpd}
prog=httpd
pidfile=${PIDFILE-/opt/apps/httpd-2.2.14/logs/httpd.pid}
Now your custom Apache instance will be started by OS instead of the default one.

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